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Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that develops in a woman’s cervix. The cervix is the entrance to the womb from the vagina.

Symptoms:

Cervical cancer often has no symptoms in its early stages.

  • Unusual Bleeding – in most cases, vaginal bleeding is the first noticeable symptom of cervical cancer. It usually occurs after having sex.
  • Bleeding at any other tume other than your expexted period is also considered unusual.
  • Pain and discomfort during sex
  • Unpleasant smelling vaginal discharge
  • Advanced Cervical Cancer:
  • Constipation
  • Blood in your urine
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Bone pain
  • Swelling of one of your legs
  • Severe pain in your side or back caused by swelling in your kidneys
  • Changes to your bowel and bladder habits
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness and lack of energy

Causes:

In almost all cases, cervical cancer is the result of a change in cell DNA caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV).

HPV – More than 99% of cases of cervical cancer occur in women who have been previously infected by HPV. This is spread during sexual intercourse.

Increased Risks:

  • Smoking – women who smoke are twice as likely to develop cervical cancer
  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Taking the oral contraceptive pill for more than 5 years
  • Having children (the more children you have the greater your risk)

Treatment:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

Prevention:

  • Safer Sex
  • Cervical Screening
  • Avoid Smoking