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Stomach Cancer

The initial symptoms of stomach cancer are vague and easy to mistake for a less serious conditions. 

Symptoms:

  • Persistent indigestion and heartburn
  • Trapped wind and frequent burping
  • Feeling bloated after meals
  • Persistent stomach pain
  • Symptoms of Advanced Stomach Cancer:
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blood in your stools or black stools

Causes:

It is unclear what causes the cells in the stomach to change. A change in DNA structure is known as a mutation and it can alter the instructions that control cell growth. The cells continue to grow when they should be stopping. This means the cells multiply in an uncontrollable manner producing tissue called a Tumour.

Increased Risk Factors:

  • Age – Most cases occur in people over the age of 55.
  • Gender – Men are twice as likely as women to develop cancer.
  • Smoking – People who smoke may be twice as likely to develop stomach cancer compared to those who do not. This is because some tobacco smoke will always be swallowed when you inhale and end up in your stomach.
  • Diet – A diet rich in pickles vegetables, salted fish, salt in general and smoked meats increases your risk of stomach cancer.
  • Family History – You are more likely to develop stomach cancer if you have a close relative with the condition such as your parent or a sibling.

Treatment:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

Prevention:

  • While it’s not possible to always prevent getting stomach cancer, you can significantly reduce your risk by:
  • Eating a healthy diet with at least 5 portions of fruit & vegetables a day
  • Quit Smoking
  • Limit your consumption of pickled vegetables, smoked meat and salt.