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Breast Cancer

A woman’s breasts are made up of fat, connective tissue and thousands of tiny glands known as lobules. Our bodies are made up of billions of tiny cells. New cells are only made when and where they are needed. In cancer, this orderly process goes wrong and cells begin to grown and multiply uncontrollably.


  • A lump or area of thickened tissue in either breast
  • A change in the size or shape of one or both breasts
  • Discharge from either your nipples
  • A lump or swelling in either of your armpits
  • Dimpling on the skin of your breasts
  • A rash on or around your nipple
  • A change in the appearance of your nipple i.e. becoming sunken into your breast
  • Pain in either breast or armpits not related to your period


The causes of breast cancer are not fully understood. But there are some known risk factors that can change the likelihood that someone may develop breast cancer.

  • Age – the risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. Breast cancer is common among women over 50 whi have been through the menopause.
  • Family History – If you have close relatives who have had breast cancer or ovarian cancer you may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Previous diagnosis of Breast Cancer – You have a higher risk of developing it again, either in your other breast or in the same breast again.
  • Exposure to oestrogen
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Alcohol
  • Radiation


  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Biological Therapy

You can have one of these treatment or a combination. 


  • Diet & Lifestyle – Regular exercise and a healthy diet are recommended
  • Breastfeeding